Fake social media profiles targeting Sikhs backed by China: Meta report

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Adya Singh, who portrayed herself as a Punjabi girl with a UK education, living in Delhi, and deeply passionate about Sikh heritage, language, and culture, was an outspoken critic of the Indian government. Her social media posts often called for the US to “support Khalistan to counter Indian hegemony”. However, there was a significant twist- Adya Singh did not exist. This account was part of a network of fake profiles linked to China.
What has long been suspected by the Indian intelligence community is now backed by concrete evidence. Purported Sikh accounts on platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Telegram, and X (formerly Twitter), which criticized the Indian government across at least seven countries, including India, were traced back to China.
Social media giant Meta recently identified and dismantled over sixty such China-linked entities, including accounts, pages, and groups that disseminated and amplified coordinated inauthentic information in the lead-up to the major general election in 2024.
“This network originated in China and targeted the global Sikh community, including in Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, the UK, and Nigeria,” Meta reported.
The accounts were linked to a broader China-originated network previously found targeting India and Tibet, according to Meta. While Meta has removed these accounts, India Today was able to confirm the existence of some of these accounts on X, with certain profiles being withheld in India but still operational in other jurisdictions.
The identified accounts posted artificially manipulated media to incite pro-Khalistan protests in several countries.
These accounts also used Artificial Intelligence (AI), often posting in Hindi and English, urging Western action against the Indian government, especially following the killing of Canada-based pro-Khalistan figure Hardeep Singh Nijjar, who was a wanted fugitive in India.
“They appeared to have created a fictitious activist movement called Operation K, which called for pro-Sikh protests, including in New Zealand and Australia,” Meta disclosed.

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